Sending Data to a RESTful API with React.js

In the previous step, we managed to fetch data from the server and display the collection of tasks on the client in our React.js application. Let's do the opposite: when users add a new task via the form, we need to send it to the server and eventually persist in the database. We will be using the same endpoint in our API, i.e. /_api/task. The only difference is the type of invoked action, i.e. instead of doing a GET request, we will send a POST request along with the payload containing the new task to add.

As for data fetching, we will use the react-query library to also send data out. Since the intention is to change the server data (we want to append a new task to the collection), we need to define a mutation via the useMutation hook. Similarly to useQuery, this hook takes as input a request function that defines the logic for sending new task to the server. Contrary to previous example, this time we need to send a POST request, i.e. we want to send what the user entered in the input field to the server-side API. Our data is a Task record containing just name. Also, since we send it as the application/json content type, we must stringify the payload before passing it as the body of the request.

import React from 'react';
import { useForm } from "react-hook-form";
import { useMutation } from "react-query";
import { Task } from '@/types';
const request = (data: Task) =>
fetch('/_api/task', {
method: 'POST',
headers: {
'Content-Type': 'application/json'
body: JSON.stringify(data),
export const TaskInput: React.FC<{}> = () => { const { register, handleSubmit, errors } = useForm();
const mutation = useMutation(request);
const onSubmit = handleSubmit(data => mutation.mutate(data));
return ( <div> <form onSubmit={onSubmit}> <input name="name" ref={register({ required: true })} placeholder="Add new item..." type="text" /> <button type="submit">Add</button> </form> <div>{ && <span>This field is required</span>}</div> </div> ); }

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